Frequently Used Telecom Terms

Drew Matthews, Ytel |  

In order to fully immerse yourself in any industry, you must also understand the lingo used. Here are some of the most frequently used terms in telecommunications that you should know about. Think of this as a glossary of some of the most commonly used terms in telecommunications, and refer back to this whenever you need to! 

Frequently Used Telecom Terms

In order to fully immerse yourself in any industry, you must also understand the lingo used. Here are some of the most frequently used terms in telecommunications that you should know about. Think of this as a glossary of some of the most commonly used terms in telecommunications, and refer back to this whenever you need to! 

ASCII

An acronym that stands for American Standard Code for Information Exchange. The code was implemented in order to create a compatible language for different data services.

Asynchronous communication 

Communication that is accessed at the convenience of the user instead of in real time like a live teleconference. YouTube is an example of asynchronous communication, because viewers see a video after the content creator has posted it.

ATV 

A set of techniques based on digital signal processing that improves the amount of program material that can be distributed through digital channels. HDTV is a smaller, commonly known subset of ATV.

Bandwidth 

The measurement that determines the rate of information exchange; also refers to the range of frequencies that a communications channel transmits. 

BBS 

An acronym that stands for Bulletin Board System or Service. On a BBS, users make information public about a certain special interest area in the same way that notes can be posted on a physical bulletin board.

A company that is authorized by regulatory agencies to operate a telecommunications system.  Examples include AT&T,  Alltell, and Verizon.

CFR 

An acronym that stands for Code of Federal Regulations. This is the book of laws that regulate the public airwaves and many of the technologies that the telecommunications industry implements.

Domain 

The part of an Internet address that is located after the period. Refers to the type of website that is being viewed rather than to a specific location on the Internet.

DID 

Also known as direct inward calling. The service provided by a network service vendor (like AT&T), which allows a caller to dial a 10-digit telephone number and reach an individual extension of a business communications system.

File server 

The part of a local area network that stores all of the information that a workstation or client may use.

PBX

An acronym that stands for Private Branch Exchange. These exchanges service private networks; however, they have connections to public phone networks.

SIP Trunking

Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) trunking is the use of Voice over IP (VoIP) to facilitate the connection of a private branch exchange (PBX) to the Internet.

VoIP

Voice over IP. A technique that allows voice to be carried in a portion of the bandwidth of an Ethernet signal that is carrying IP traffic.

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About The Author

Drew Matthews, Ytel

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Drew is Ytel’s go-to guy for anything tech related. That’s why he’s our Director of Infrastructure. IT and Drew speak the same language. Drew manages the security of Ytel’s Networking, Systems, and Programming avenues.


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